RENAL PHYSIOLOGY: ACID-BASE BALANCE
Contents


  Acid-Base Balance: Contents

Introduction

Forms and Sources of H+

Definition of Acid and Base
Metabolic Sources
Buffers
HCO3--CO2 Respiratory Buffer System
Summary Diagram

Disturbances of Acid-Base Balance

Defenses Against pH Disturbance

Buffers
Respiratory Compensation
Renal Compensation

Evaluation of Acid-Base Status

Diagnosis Summary

Examples